Fast Facts about the History of Israel and the Jewish Nation

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Fast Facts about the History of Israel:

  • Over the centuries Israel has been known by many names including: Cannan, Eretz Yisrael (Land of Israel), Palestine from the Latin Philistia, Zion, the Promised Land, the Holy Land, the State of Israel, and simply Ha’aretz (the Land).
  • Although the Jewish people were not always in political control over the Land of Israel, they have maintained a continuous Jewish presence in the Holy Land for over 3,000 years, and the Jews who were exiled always prayed to return to live in their homeland.
  • Jerusalem is mentioned over 800 times in the Jewish bible and has been the Jewish capital city for over 3000 years. Jerusalem has never been named a capital city by any other nation.
  • A significant portion of Jewish laws are tied to the Land of Israel and can only be obeyed there.
  • A Jew living outside the Land of Israel is said to be living in “galut,” translated to be exile or diaspora.
  • Israel is strategically situated between the three continents of Asia, Africa and Europe.
  • Israel’s topography is varied, including: forests and fertile valleys in the north, a the coastal plain along the Mediterranean Sea, rocky mountain ranges in Judea and Samaria, the arid Jordan valley and Dead Sea region, and the desert of the Negev and Arava.
  • Israel is home to more than 500 species of birds, 100 mammals and 90 reptiles, as well as more than 3,000 types of plants.
  • The bible states that Israel is blessed with seven species of grain and fruit: wheat, barely, grain, grapes, figs, pomegranates and olives.

Read more about the History of Israel on Wikipedia and Israel history.